With a focus on key themes and debates, this article aims to illustrate and assess how the interaction between justice and politics has shaped the international regime and defined the nature of the international agreement that was signed in COP21 Paris. The work demonstrates that despite the rise of neo‐conservatism and self‐interested power politics, questions of global distributive justice remain a central aspect of the international politics of climate change. However, while it is relatively easy to demonstrate that international climate politics is not beyond the reach of moral contestations, the assessment of exactly how much impact justice has on climate policies and the broader normative structures of the climate governance regime remains a very difficult task. As the world digests the Paris Agreement, it is vital that the current state of justice issues within the international climate change regime is comprehensively understood by scholars of climate justice and by academics and practitioners, not least because how these intractable issues of justice are dealt with (or not) will be a crucial factor in determining the effectiveness of the emerging climate regime.
The added element of having former players announce their former team’s picks during the NFL draft provides many opportunities to have fun at the host city’s expense. Former Colts punter Pat McAfee and former Colts wide receiver Reggie Wayne did their part to masterfully needle the home crowd of their AFC South rival Tennessee Titans during the second and third rounds of the draft Friday evening.
Wayne fired the opening salvo with Titans fans booing from the street.
“Putting all ya’ll AFC South teams on notice! We back! We are back,” Wayne exclaimed before announcing cornerback Rock Ya-Sin as the 34th pick in the draft. “I know you not booin’! Come on, Tennessee. Ya’ll done played the Colts 20 times in 10 years and you done won three games. Stop it. Stop it.”
Armed with the 17-3 jab, Wayne was prepared for another showdown with the Titans faithful when he announced the team’s second pick of the second round at No. 49 overall. It was no contest.
“We straight? We good?” Wayne asked. “’Cause I got clips. I got heat. Aight, we straight.”
McAfee, announcing the team’s third-round selection, put on a trolling clinic with a heavy dose of self-deprecation. Piggybacking off of Wayne’s insult about the Colts’ recent success against the Titans, McAfee put on a full-blown WWE-style promo.
“Hello, Nashville! I’m not gonna say a single word about the Tennessee Titans’ record against the Indianapolis Colts because I was a punter and there’s no reason for me to talk about that,” McAfee quipped. “With that being said, we did not punt much against the Tennessee Titans so you probably have no clue who I am to begin with.”
“Two years ago, when I retired from the Colts, I retired alongside two greats, Robert Mathis and Joe Reitz,” McAfee said. “A couple months later, I watched the draft. Robert Mathis announced a pick. Joe Reitz announced a pick. And then an orangutan announced a fourth-round draft pick. I was replaced by a zoo animal. I was not upset about it because the orangutan was terrible at his job.”
“With that being said, the Indianapolis Colts are the hottest team, not only in the AFC South, but the entire NFL,” McAfee said, drawing the jeers of all Titans fans within earshot. “A young nucleus surrounding the Stanford nerd, Andrew Luck. Two all-pros were drafted last year, 10 this year. And with the 89th pick in the 2019 NFL draft, the Indianapolis Colts, Jim Irsay and Chris Ballard select future Hall of Famer, linebacker from Stanford Bobby Okereke … Okereke.”
If Day 2 was this fun for trolling, imagine what Day 3 has in store with 152 picks remaining in the draft’s final four rounds.
Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to evaluate the impact of a flood control, low flow augmentation reservoir on seven water quality parameters: Suspended solids and total phosphate (particulate parameters); BOD, COD, and ammonia (O2-demanding parameters); and orthophosphate and nitrite plus nitrate N (soluble nutrients). Fourteen years of weekly sampling data above, in, and downstream of the reservoir both before and after the reservoir became operational were analyzed. This paper considers the effects of the reservoir on the particulate parameters. There was a dramatic decrease in both suspended solids and total phosphate concentrations in the reservoir discharges, particularly during periods of high river flows and high reservoir inflow parameter concentrations. At all sampling stations, the annual parameter loading rates (kg ha−1 yr−1) correlated linearly with annual runoff (cm yr−1). The suspended solids removal efficiency of the reservoir was dependent on annual runoff and averaged about 90%. Non-point source contributions of suspended solids were well over 99% when annual runoff exceeded 6.57 cm y−1 and over 95% even when annual runoff was as low as 1.63 cm yr−1
The impact of a flood control, low flow argumentation reservoir in the Midwestern part of the United States on BOD, COD, and ammonia was evaluated in this paper. Fifteen years of weekly water quality data (9 yr before impoundment and 6 yr after impoundment) from four sampling stations upstream and downstream of the reservoir were available for analysis. The annual loading rates of these parameters (kg ha−1 vr−1) were found to correlate well with annual runoff (cm yr−1). Besides, the reservoir was found to have had a significant and beneficial impact on the downstream loading rates of BOD and COD, which were reduced by 55 and 75%, respectively. As for ammonia, the results of this study indicate that its annual loadings at downstream locations were not significantly affected by the reservoir. Average non-point source contributions of BOD and ammonia loadings into the system were found to be about 80 and 55%, respectively.